What Is Theory Of Change In M&E?

What makes a good theory of change?

A good theory of change doesn’t simply reflect what an organization is already doing; rather, it articulates what the organization wants to be held accountable for, and works backward to identify necessary activities, strategies, resources, capabilities, culture, and so on..

How do you write a theory of change?

How to write a Theory of ChangeIdentify the problem you are working to address. … Work out what you want to achieve (your long term goal) … Walk backwards to get where you want to go! … Explain your ‘assumptions’ … Now work out what out what you will do to achieve your desired outcomes. … Draw a line above your area of responsibility.More items…

Why do change theories matter?

Theories of change can drive programs as well as people. … Theories of change matter because they are usually implicit, and what remains unseen cannot be questioned. A crucial factor in designing successful reform efforts is making programmatic theories of change explicit.

What is a monitoring and evaluation framework?

A clear framework is essential to guide monitoring and evaluation. … A framework increases understanding of the programme’s goals and objectives, defines the relationships between factors key to implementation, and articulates the internal and external elements that could affect the programme’s success.

Who proposed the theory of change?

WeissWeiss popularized the term “Theory of Change” as a way to describe the set of assumptions that explain both the mini-steps that lead to the long-term goal and the connections between program activities and outcomes that occur at each step of the way.

Why is a theory of change important?

A good theory of change can help to: develop better Key Evaluation Questions, identify key indicators for monitoring, identify gaps in available data, prioritize additional data collection, and provide a structure for data analysis and reporting.

What are assumptions in a theory of change?

Assumptions help to explain the Theory of Change process and the connections between the measurable effects, wider benefits and the longer-term goal, as well as how and why proposed activities are expected to bring these changes about. Assumptions are often taken for granted and may be based on opinions or beliefs.

What is theory of change Example?

Theory of Change Definition For example, it has been assumed that improving the educational outcomes of children in a region will lead to the community’s ability to adapt to new agricultural practices when these children reach adulthood, thereby improving the yield of mint.

What is the main interest of M&E in theory of change?

Step 1: Clarifying the purpose of M&E For the Department, the primary purpose of M&E is to strengthen effectiveness of MLW’s public and community engagement by supporting learning within the team about gaps and areas for improvement.

What is the difference between logical framework and theory of change?

Difference #1: The ToC gives the ‘big picture’ and summarises work at a strategic level, while a logical framework illustrate a programme (implementation) level understanding of the change process. In other words, the Logical Framework is like a microscopic lens that zooms in on a specific pathway within the TOC.

What is a Theory of Change diagram?

A theory of change diagram is a neat way to summarise your work. and communicate it to stakeholders, including funders and commissioners. They may also feel more confident in supporting your organisation if they know you have been through a theory of change process. • Bring the process of change to the forefront.

How do theories develop and change?

A Theory of Change can be developed retrospectively by reading program documents, talking to stakeholders, and analyzing data. This is often done during evaluations reflecting what has worked or not in order to understand the past and plan for the future.

What are the different change theories?

10 Tried & Tested Change Management ModelsLewin’s Change Management Model. … McKinsey 7-S Model. … Nudge Theory. … The ADKAR Change Management Model. … Kübler-Ross Change Curve. … Bridges’ Transition Model. … Satir Change Model. … Kotter’s theory.More items…•

What is a monitoring?

Monitoring is the systematic process of collecting, analyzing and using information to track a programme’s progress toward reaching its objectives and to guide management decisions.