Question: What Is The Basic Accounting?

What are the types of accounting?

In this article, we’ll cover:Financial Accounting.Cost Accounting.Auditing.Managerial Accounting.Accounting Information Systems.Tax Accounting.Forensic Accounting.Fiduciary Accounting..

What is the 8 branches of accounting?

The famous branches or types of accounting include: financial accounting, managerial accounting, cost accounting, auditing, taxation, AIS, fiduciary, and forensic accounting.

What are the 2 types of accounting?

The two primary methods of accounting are accrual accounting and cash accounting. Cash accounting reports revenues and expenses as they are received and paid; accrual accounting reports them as they are earned and incurred.

What are the 6 types of accounts?

Balance Sheet AccountsAsset Accounts.Liability Accounts.Equity Accounts (for sole proprietorship and partnerships)Equity Accounts (for corporations)Revenue Accounts.Expense Accounts.Asset accounts.Liability accounts.More items…

What is the rules of debit and credit?

Opposite to debits, the “credit rule” state that all accounts that normally contain a credit balance will increase in amount when a credit is added to them and reduce when a debit is added to them. The types of accounts to which this rule applies are liabilities, equity, and income.

What are the 4 principles of GAAP?

Understanding GAAP1.) Principle of Regularity.2.) Principle of Consistency.3.) Principle of Sincerity.4.) Principle of Permanence of Methods.5.) Principle of Non-Compensation.6.) Principle of Prudence.7.) Principle of Continuity.8.) Principle of Periodicity.More items…•

What are the basic accounting terms?

42 Basic Accounting Terms All Business Owners Should KnowAccounts Payable (AP) Accounts Payable include all of the expenses that a business has incurred but has not yet paid. … Accounts Receivable (AR) … Accrued Expense. … Asset (A) … Balance Sheet (BS) … Book Value (BV) … Equity (E) … Inventory.More items…

What are 3 types of accounts?

A business must use three separate types of accounting to track its income and expenses most efficiently. These include cost, managerial, and financial accounting, each of which we explore below.

What is petty cash book?

April 26, 2020. The petty cash book is a recordation of petty cash expenditures, sorted by date. In most cases, the petty cash book is an actual ledger book, rather than a computer record. Thus, the book is part of a manual record-keeping system.

What are the 3 steps of accounting?

Part of this process includes the three stages of accounting: collection, processing and reporting.

What are the 5 basic accounting principles?

What are the 5 basic principles of accounting?Revenue Recognition Principle. When you are recording information about your business, you need to consider the revenue recognition principle. … Cost Principle. … Matching Principle. … Full Disclosure Principle. … Objectivity Principle.

What is the basic accounting model?

The basic model says that assets equal liabilities plus owner’s equity. In other words, the total assets of a firm equal the total of its liabilities and owner’s equity. Furthermore, revenue increases the owner’s equity and expenses decrease the owner’s equity.

What are the three golden rules of accounting?

Take a look at the three main rules of accounting: Debit the receiver and credit the giver. Debit what comes in and credit what goes out. Debit expenses and losses, credit income and gains.

What are the 5 types of accounts?

The five account types are: Assets, Liabilities, Equity, Revenue (or Income) and Expenses.

What are the four basic accounting equations?

“Show me the money!” There are four main financial statements. They are: (1) balance sheets; (2) income statements; (3) cash flow statements; and (4) statements of shareholders’ equity.

What is the full accounting equation?

Assets = Liabilities + Equity Each side of the accounting equation has to equal the other because you must purchase things with either debt or capital. Equity has an equal effect on both sides of the equation. If you know any two parts of the accounting equation, you can calculate the third.