Question: What Are 3 Types Of Wood?

What is the heaviest wood on earth?

lignum vitaeGenerally acknowledged as the hardest wood, lignum vitae (Guaiacum sanctum and Guaiacum officinale) measures in at 4,500 pounds-force (lbf) on the Janka scale.

That’s more than twice as hard as Osage orange (one of the hardest domestic woods) at 2,040 lbf and more than three times harder than red oak at 1,290 lbf..

What is the strongest tree on earth?

giant sequoia treeToday, this giant sequoia tree—of the genus and species Sequoiadendron giganteum—is often considered to be the most massive single organism on the planet. General Sherman weighs an estimated 2.7 million pounds, stands 275 feet tall and measures 100 feet around at the ground.

What type of wood is black?

Ebony is a dense black/brown hardwood, most commonly yielded by several different species in the genus Diospyros, which also contains the persimmons. Ebony is dense enough to sink in water. It is finely-textured and has a mirror finish when polished, making it valuable as an ornamental wood.

What type of wood is white?

White Oak. Along with Red Oak, White Oak is the most abundant U.S. hardwood species. It ranges in color from nearly white sapwood to dark gray/brown heartwood. It has a grain distinguished by rays that reflect the light and patterns (depending on how the logs are sawn).

Is hardwood stronger than softwood?

Because of their condensed and more complex structure, hardwoods generally offer a superior level of strength and durability. … Hardwoods tend to be much more resilient than softwoods and are often reserved for projects that require maximum durability.

What is the rarest wood on earth?

African BlackwoodSome woods are incredibly expensive, others unbelievably rare, but African Blackwood is a timber that satisfies both categories, renowned for its exotically dark finish, extraordinary properties and scarcity in the world.

How many types of wood are there in the world?

52 types of wood and the trees they come from. It’s good to know what type of product you’re working with. Because the natural world of wood is so perfectly unpredictable and varied, familiarity with tree types and wood grain is one of the most important skills of woodworking.

What is a natural timber?

Natural timbers Hardwood comes from deciduous trees with broad leaves. Hardwood trees take a long time to grow, around 60 years (sometimes up to 100). This means that they are rarely planted and very expensive.

What is seasoning of timber?

Seasoning is the process of drying timber to remove the bound moisture contained in walls of the wood cells to produce seasoned timber. Seasoning can be achieved in a number of ways, but the aim is to remove water at a uniform rate through the piece to prevent damage to the wood during drying (seasoning degrade).

What is the most beautiful wood?

The 10 Best Woods for Woodworking (According to a Pro)Cherry. 4/11. … Hard Maple. 5/11. … Mahogany. 6/11. … Pine. 7/11. … Rosewood. 8/11. … Teak. 9/11. … Walnut. 10/11. … White and Red Oak. 11/11. Characteristics: Reddish brown to tan; strong grain figure; hard and heavy; stains well.More items…

What are the types of wood?

Types of WoodSoftwoods. Softwoods aren’t weaker than hardwoods. … Pine. Commercial pines are grown in plantations for timber that is denser, more resinous, and therefore more durable than spruce. … Cedar. The most common type of cedar is the western red variety. … Fir. … Hardwoods. … Oak. … Ash. … Beech.More items…

What is the most common wood?

PinePine is the most common and abundant type of wood in North America, and there are dozens of different species of pine.

What are the whitest woods?

hollyAs the whitest wood known, holly provides inlay for expensive furniture, the bodies of fine brushes, and even imitation ivory piano keys. You can find 175 species of holly growing practically around the world, with the largest number in Brazil and Guiana.

What are the three timber categories?

When selecting a timber-based material, there are many different types to choose from. Hardwood and softwood are types of timber that come from many different trees….The way a timber looks can be altered through several methods:staining.varnishing.oiling.waxing.painting.laminating.

What is the most expensive wood?

THE MOST EXPENSIVE WOOD IN THE WORLDGrenadil, African Blackwood. This wood is one of the most expensive on the planet. … Agar Wood. Agar wood is a valuable plant found in tropical forests of Southeast Asia. … Black wood (Ebony) … Sandalwood. … Amaranth, Purple Heart. … Dalbergia. … Bubinga. … Bocote, Cordia (Bocote, Cordia)

What is the cheapest wood?

PinePine is pretty universally cheap though. Home depot where I am sells black spruce (2x4s etc) pine, poplar, rock maple and red oak (in order from cheapest to most expensive) and it’s all ridiculously priced and warped because it’s pre-dressed.

Which wood is best for furniture?

Best woods for furnitureMaple Wood Furniture. Maple may be the ideal furniture wood. … Oak Wood Furniture. Oak is a very durable wood that is typically used for flooring and kitchen furniture. … Cherry Wood Furniture. … Pine Wood Furniture. … Cedar Wood Furniture.